Friday, April 8, 2016

Five Best STEM Challenges! (According to the Teacher)

Thanks for joining me today! About two weeks ago I added a post about the favorite STEM challenges in my classroom- according to the kids! You can read that post right {HERE}
In the meantime I have a new list and it's all about the favorites in my classroom- from my point of view!
STEM: Which STEM challenges are my favorites- from the teacher's point of view! I like the same ones kids do, but these are my favorites and not the top picks of the kids! Read the post to find out why!
Don't get me wrong, I love all the challenges students picked for our top 5! But, if I have to pick the top five, my list is entirely different than the kids. Their opinions tend to be swayed by the fun factor..... just sayin'
So, here's my top FIVE best STEM Challenges and reasons I love them the most!

STEM Challenge: Students learn about volume and surface area and then try to build the box with the greatest volume possible- here's the trick: every group begins with the same size poster board for their box!
This is my number one because of the math involved. Kids learn about volume and surface area and then the question posed to them is, "What do these two measures have to do with one another? Is one affected by the other?"
The boxes we use as models and for measuring are all cereal boxes. So, we also delve into the history of cereal and the marketing of cereal. The box, it turns out, is like a little advertising billboard for the product. So, kids have this task: "Create a cereal and its box. Use a piece of poster board and make your own box, with the goal of having the largest possible volume for the box.
 Every group has the same size poster board. You might think that all the boxes will be the same....nope!
In the end, each team presents its box and a commercial they have written. All the boxes are measured for final surface area and volume and a winner is declared. This STEM activity is just jam-packed with stuff! It makes kids think and plan and work together! (On a side note, the materials are just ridiculously easy: poster board, tape, empty cereal boxes, and markers!)


STEM Challenge: It's a mystery build! Every group gets a task card describing what they must build and then the groups must choose the materials they think will work best! Here's the trick: the materials have a cost and the kids must stay under budget!
This Mystery Build is number 2 on my list! I love the way it turned out! My idea was to have kids all build the same thing, but with different materials OR have the same materials and build something different. I tried both of those ideas, but was not happy with the waste of materials and finally settled on a great plan. Every team builds something different. They all have the same materials from which to choose, but they choose what they think they will need based on their ideas and what they are building. To make it even trickier, they have a budget and must purchase the materials! This is such a crazy good challenge for so many reasons. The structures the kids built were amazing, but the best part for me was watching them plan. They drew elaborate sketches and then checked the materials. I listened as groups tried to decide what was needed and then bargain with each other for items, like this: "Okay, I do think we need craft sticks, but not as many as you think. And I think we need three feet of tape, so let's try this. Let's get 5 craft sticks and 2 feet of tape. That will cost less and we get both things." 
You can read more about this challenge right {HERE} (By the way, this challenge is a freebie in my TpT store!)


STEM Challenge: It's a simple building task with only two materials, but it's the background story of this one that makes it one of my favorite STEM activities!
Coming in at number 3 for me is Pipelines. This is the easiest challenge ever- with paper and tape as the only materials. It's the background story that makes this so fabulous. We researched the country of Panama and talked extensively about how remote villages get water. It seems that many of them get water from a centrally located tank that drains water through piping systems to collection areas. The villagers must carry jugs or buckets on a trek to the collection pipe and fill their containers with water to take back home. This is a daily chore. The main problem is not just the journey to get the water, but the fact that the water is often contaminated by the faulty pipe system. I found images online of pipes and drainage systems that were quite startling to my students. They, of course, think the source of all water is the tap in their kitchens or bathrooms. It has never occurred to them that water is not sent to people like this all over the world. This challenge was eye-opening for my fifth graders. 
The design challenge was to work as a charitable organization with a plan to create a safe pipe system for remote villages. Each group built a model of their pipeline to present to the charity to perhaps be the plan the charity would then adopt in order to make better piping systems for disadvantaged communities.
Kids had specific design constraints for their pipelines. The demo of their systems did not use real water! We made a ping pong ball travel through the pipe system! I love this challenge!



STEM Challenge: It's a real-life challenge involving a great scenario and the ultimate in teamwork. Two teams work as one group. Each team has the same materials and each build half the structure. In the end they must join the two parts to make the device work!
The Same Supplies 2 Tasks challenge was born during the trials I had with thinking about mystery builds. In this type of challenge two groups work together as one team. Each group gets the same materials, but each builds something different. When the two separate devices are completed the two things are joined together. So, ultimately the two groups within the team must work together fabulously. I had no idea how this would work, but it was spectacular. The two smaller groups conferred and kept talking as each separate part was being built. They measured together and made sure pieces fit together. They tried out preliminary parts of the devices to make sure they would work together. It was awesome!!!
We tried three different versions of the same supplies, 2 tasks format, but my favorite was the rescue challenge. In this one the teams had to build a platform and the cranking device that would raise the platform from the ground to a three foot height. The scenario was that the teams had to rescue a friend that has fallen off a cliff side. I love this challenge purely for the team work I saw as kids completed it!
(You can read more about these tasks right {HERE}


STEM Challenge: This one is an experiment and design challenge. Kids keep data tables of the experiment, then build a ramp, and make the ramp the height needed according to their data. Third graders loved this one!
Oh my, did we all love this one, but me especially. I have really enjoyed working with experiment and design challenges. I like having students experiment, control variables, and keep data tables. Then we use the data to make good, scientific decisions about what to build. In the ramp challenge we tested the angle of ramps to decide which one gave the greatest distance and also the smoothest ride. Then kids built their own ramp and placed it at an angle to create the longest distance for their little cars. This produced so many extra design opportunities. Kids wanted side rails on their ramps, the transition from the ramp to the floor was a problem, some wanted free-standing ramps, and some cars just would not stay upright. So many things to consider, but it was amazing to see. We stopped often to talk about why results were not what we expected and what could be going wrong. Total fun and all you need is a lot of cardboard and a bunch of little matching cars!

Alright, STEM Friends, that gives you a little more information about my favorite STEM challenges. How does this compare to the kids choices?
Their choices and mine are all different! All ten of the challenges are just super. Try one of them from each list and decide for yourself. 

KIDS: 
Roller Coasters
Pancakes
Boats
Bungee Jumping
Catapults

MINE:
Building Cereal Boxes
Mystery Builds
Pipelines
Rescue Devices
Ramps

Also, check out Doodlebugs today to see all the teachers that linked up for Five for Friday!

Have a great weekend!

5 comments :

  1. The cereal box and pipeline ones are great! I love all the different areas you can incorporate into one challenge even beyond science and math!

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  2. I am really enjoying your blog! I teach a similar class and I am excited to try some of your ideas!

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    1. Thanks so much Nicole! I am so glad you found my blog! I learn so much from other teachers and hope I can always share something of value!

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  3. Do you have any more materials to share for your Pipelines activity?

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    1. Hi Kristin! Pipelines is made of paper and tape, but the back story is quite spectacular. You can find it at my TpT store!

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